How Often Are Seniors Falling?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), one out of three older adults experience a fall each year! This is a big problem among seniors because as we age we lose bone density and falls can result in serious injuries. Even though seniors are more susceptible, the falling does not just “come out of the blue.” Most often there is one or more underlying causes for the falling of the senior citizen. The good news is that there are steps to take to address fall prevention for seniors!
What are the possible causes?
1. One of the many causes is due to muscle weakness as seniors with leg muscle atrophy are much more likely to have a fall then those who do not.
2. Poor balance or steadiness when walking is an obvious predictor to a senior’s chance of having a fall.
3. Postural Hypotension resulting from prescribed Medications, Parkinson’s Disease, or even being de-hydrated.
4. Reflex problems that affects the time a senior is either able to catch their balance, or not resulting in a fall.
5. Other medical issues such as peripheral neuropathy that causes loss of sensation in the feet
6. Vision problems that affect depth of field that can be associated with Glaucoma, Cataracts, or other having to wear multi-focal glasses.
7. Medications that can cause dizziness or confusion.
What are some fall prevention measures?
Since most of falls that seniors experience occur where they live, making adjustments can go a long way to prevention of falls. Simple pre-cautions such as making sure there is adequate lighting, re-arranging furniture so there is plenty of walk space, putting non-slip strips on slick floors, and the installation of grab bars and hand rails.
What are some pro-active measures for fall prevention for seniors?
1. Working closely with a doctor to address any eye problems, blood pressure problems, cardiac issues, or medications that could increase the risk of falling.
2. Maintain a wholesome nutrient dense diet that includes calcium and vitamin D.
3. Wear proper shoes that are not only comfortable but are supportive.
4. Engage in regular exercise that increases strength, balance and coordination.
* At Wholesome Living Care Homes we take fall prevention measures very seriously. We do not have any stairs to climb and have installed grab bars where they are needed. We are in close contact and work in concert with immediate family members, doctor’s, pharmacists, and of course keeping our resident family members active with our various physical exercise programs, gardening, and other activities!
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